What Is CBG (Cannabigerol)?


You have probably heard about CBD and maybe have used CBD-based products. Sound accurate?  Wait a minute, but have you heard about CBG? And no, that’s not a typo, as CBG stands for cannabigerol, an important cannabinoid compound derived from cannabis and industrial hemp.

CBG plays an essential role in the production of the other cannabinoids. As such, it has become the interest of many researchers in recent times and has been shown to have great effects on the human body. Unsurprisingly, several respectable CBD brands have started producing CBG-based products. So we prepared the following overview exposing CBG and its main effects in the body.


What Is CBG Oil?

CBG is the abbreviation for cannabigerol. This compound is the precursor to the synthesis of the most important cannabinoid compounds such as CBD, THC, and CBC. The acidic form of CBG, called CBGA or cannabigerolic acid, is the first cannabinoid compound produced in the cannabis plants. From here, through a series of complex natural processes governed by different enzymes, CBGA gets transformed into CBDA, THCA, and CBCA, the acidic forms of the cannabinoids CBD, THC, and CBC.

After a process of decarboxylation, meaning the removal of the carboxyl group that makes up the acidic form of these compounds which is done with heat treatment, what is left is CBD, THC, and CBD. A small portion of the CBGA remains unchanged, and after decarboxylation, it gets transformed into CBG.

This is a part of the natural processes that happen in the cannabis and industrial hemp plants. The more the plants are left to mature, the more of the CBGA will get transformed into CBDA or THCA. As a result, there is up to 1% CBG left to extract from mature plants.

Some companies are starting to realize the usefulness of CBG, and they offer CBG-based products. But to extract viable amounts of CBG from the industrial hemp plants, these companies need to make some sacrifices and harvest the crops earlier to extract higher amounts of CBG. Still, not many people are using CBG, and there is still time for farmers to come up with a way of growing CBG-rich crops.

What Are The Benefits Of CBG?

CBG has been identified in 1964, but not a lot of attention has been paid to it. However, some researchers have studied the effects of CBG on the body, finding out any potential benefits. Way back in 1984, a group of scientists has successfully proven that taking compounds like CBD and CBG have a very beneficial effect on intraocular pressure.

Another CBG effect that is worth mentioning here is its antimicrobial effect. This is a trait that all cannabinoid compounds share, as well as their analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. It is the reason why a full-spectrum hemp extract that has CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, and a small amount of THC is so effective in treating inflammation, pain, and other health concerns.

An area where CBG could potentially help is with the treatment of infections with drug-resistant bacteria, where even the strongest antibiotic medications have trouble. CBG has been linked to being helpful with irritable bowel syndrome, helping relieve the inflammation caused by multiple sclerosis, as well as helping the body against the spreading of some types of cancers. CBG has been also linked to having a strong neuroprotective role, meaning it could help with the treatment and control of the spreading of diseases like Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, Alzheimer’s, and even Tourette’s syndrome.

CBG has little to no side effects in the body. Its composition and structure make it easy for the body to metabolize and tolerate, making CBG easy to consume. It is also not interfering with other medications. There could be some very mild side effects like a feeling of drowsiness in the case of taking a large dose of CBG product. For any doubts, you should consult with a doctor before taking up a CBG regimen.

The Difference Between CBG and CBD

Here I’ll present you with the differences between CBG and CBD, as these are both used for improving the wellbeing of people. Both CBG and CBG derive from the cannabigerolic acid or CBGA. This means that they have a similar composition and structure and can have potentially similar effects on the body. But they also have some important differences.

A little intro first: all animals have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) that is governed by endocannabinoids that are naturally produced in the body. The ECS has specific receptors called CB receptors. A note here – the cannabinoid compounds produced by cannabis and industrial hemp have a very similar structure to the natural endocannabinoids. This means that when cannabinoid compounds enter the body, they interact favorably with the ECS’s CB receptors.

The cannabinoid substances have been successfully used to help people fight with pain management, inflammation, bacterial infections, and much more. These results have been substantiated by scientific research, proving their accuracy. There is another important effect that has proven very effective, that is the entourage effect. This is the combined effect of all the cannabinoids found in the product that has increased action. This happens because one of the ingredients stimulates the effectiveness of the other and so on, and the collective synergistic effect is quite beneficial.

Still, it has been discovered that CBG has quite an effect on the ECS when compared to CBD. Its structure and composition allow it to more easily interact with the ECS receptors. Instead of only stimulating the CB receptors as CBD does, CBG binds with the CB receptors, having a more in-depth effect.

Is CBG Psychoactive?

From all the cannabinoids discovered today, the only one with a psychotropic effect is THC. That means that CBG, CBD, CBN, CBC, and all the rest of them do not have any psychotropic effects on the mind. Still, some researchers have linked CBG with a mild psychoactive effect on the mind, meaning it will induce a feeling of relaxation, maybe slight euphoria, but nothing as severe as THC’s effect.

If you are having doubts related to taking CBG, then you can rest assured that you will not fail a drug test if the products you are using are THC-free. The drug tests work on detecting the THC byproducts in the body, and if the products you use only have CBG, then you are on the safe side.

Wrapping Things Up…

CBG is still not as abundant as CBD, mainly to the high production costs and the higher price of these products. When looking at the composition of a full-spectrum and broad-spectrum hemp extracts, these contain a small dose of CBG, but only in trace amounts that support the entourage effect. However, some companies have started offering CBG-based products like CBG oil, and these are gaining some popularity. One company that has a solid CBG product is Vida Biologica. If you are looking to try using CBG, then we recommend you buy a CBG product from a respectable CBD company that goes through all the stops to ensure the quality of its products. We also advise checking the lab test results as these clearly outline the composition of the CBG product.

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