Glossary

This glossary is updated regularly as we come across new topics or terms that become industry standards. We’ve even added slang terms as well.

A to Z Glossary
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. M
  13. N
  14. O
  15. P
  16. R
  17. S
  18. T
  19. V
  20. W

A

  • Adaptogen – a compound that helps the body adapt to external influences and quickly recover to a normal state
  • Alcohol extraction – an extraction process using ethanol as a solvent to extract cannabinoids and terpenes from the hemp plant
  • Anandamide – a neurotransmitter, a naturally-occurring endocannabinoid compound responsible for the promotion of homeostasis in the body. This is also known as the bliss molecule, and it was the first proven link between health and cannabis
  • Aroma – the smell of a compound, plant or flower

B

  • Bioavailability – the extent of which a given compound is absorbed in the body
  • Broad-spectrum – this is a term used to describe a full-spectrum cannabis extract that has all the naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids from the hemp plant, except for THC.
  • Bud – the flower of a cannabis plant, this part of the plant has the highest concentration of active ingredients

C

  • CB Receptors – CB1 and CB2 receptors are found in the body and they correspond to cannabinoids, prompting its effect in the body
  • CBD Oil – oil whose main active ingredient is CBD, the non-psychoactive cannabinoid compound derived from hemp or cannabis
  • CO2 extraction – extraction process where CO2 is liquefied under pressure and used as a solvent, this is the preferred method for extraction of the active compounds from the cannabis plant
  • Cannabinoid – the active compounds from the cannabis and hemp plant, these are used due to their beneficial effects on the health of people and animals. There are 113 known cannabinoids, all with different effects. These stimulate the endocannabinoid receptors in the body, helping the body restore and maintain homeostasis.
    • CBD – Cannabidiol – the most famous non-psychoactive cannabinoid compound, this is known for its beneficial effects on the body. It is the second most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis and the main active ingredient in industrial hemp. It is used as an alternative treatment for many conditions and is the main ingredient in Epidiolex, an FDA-approved treatment for Dravet syndrome, a rare form of epilepsy
    • CBT – Cannabacitran – a lesser-known cannabinoid compound
    • CBC – Cannabichromene – a cannabinoid compound produced in small quantities, this compound has been linked to neurogenesis, but is still subject to research
    • CBCV – Cannabichromevarin – a lesser-known cannabinoid compound with similar effects as CBC
    • CBL – Cannabicyclol – a lesser-known cannabinoid compound
    • CBDA – Cannabidiol Acid – the acid form of CBD, this molecule needs to be “activated” by heat in a process known as decarboxylation to convert to CBD to be biochemically active.
    • CBE – Cannabielsoin – a lesser-known cannabinoid compound that is obtained by decomposition of CBD
    • CBD – Cannabigerol – a lesser-known cannabinoid compound produced in smaller quantities, this compound has been shown to have promising effects as an appetite stimulant, antibacterial and muscle spasm treatment
    • CBN – Cannabinol – a lesser-known cannabinoid compound
  • Cannabis – a family of flowering plants cultivated since ancient times. This plant has been long used for the production of fiber, textile, food, and medicine. It is known for its phytochemical compounds like cannabinoids, terpenes, and fatty acids.
    • Cannabis Indica – the scientific name of marijuana, this plant produces high amounts of THC, a psychoactive compound, it has relatively small plants with broader leaves and large buds
    • Cannabis Ruderalis – a species of the cannabis plant, this has low amounts of THC and/or CBD, and grows in the wild, but is not cultivated for commercial use
    • Cannabis Sativa – the scientific name for industrial hemp, this plant has a lower THC amount and higher CBD amounts. It can grow very tall and is used for the production of fiber and CBD
  • Capsule – digestible container filled with a medicinal extract that is swallowed, dissolves in the stomach and releases its active ingredients
  • Concentrate – a product that is refined and packed in a more potent form. Many cannabis products are sold as concentrates: crystals, oil, and waxes, and these are highly potent, containing high levels of cannabinoids
  • Cross-breeding – the process of selective breeding and crossing different plants to produce a new strain. This is a painstaking process which is repeated until the desired effects are obtained, like CBD-rich, high-yielding industrial hemp plant. With this process, the newly obtained strain has traits from both parents in terms of potency, appearance, flavor, and CBD/THC amounts.

D

  • Decarboxylation – a process with applying heat that turns the acidic form of the cannabinoid (CBDA or THCA) into the active form of the cannabinoid (CBD or THC). This is an important process that activates the cannabinoids, turning them into their physiologically-active form
  • D(8)-Tetrahydrocannabinol – a lesser-known cannabinoid compound similar to THC, but less psychoactive, this compound has been linked with appetite stimulation
  • Dispensary – the legal term where people/medical cannabis patients can go and legally buy and consume cannabis products

E

  • Edible – edible products infused with a cannabis extract. These can be brownies, chocolate, cookies, gummies, mints, gum, butter, cooking oil, or any other type of edible that can be infused and eaten. These are digested and the active cannabinoids are absorbed in the stomach, giving them a delayed effect
  • Endocannabinoid Deficiency – a generalized medical term under which many illnesses are converged, the Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency Syndrome (CEDS) is linked as a root cause of illnesses like fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome, caused by low levels of endocannabinoids
  • Endocannabinoid System – this system is responsible for keeping the normal balance in the body and its receptors are found throughout the body. It is present in all animals and regulates every physiological process like mood, memory, inflammation, immune function, blood pressure, growth, perception, pain, and appetite. This is one of the most important systems in the body and any abnormal operation can lead to physiological changes that result in an illness
  • Endocannabinoid – a cannabinoid compound produced in the body of all animals. These correspond to the endocannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 and regulate all physiological processes like mood, stress, digestion, appetite, immunity, skin and bone health, inflammation, metabolism, respiration, and sleep
  • Entourage Effect – the collective, synergistic effect of all the ingredients in a cannabis extract. This process is not yet fully understood, but it is known that the cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and phenols work together and have mutually-activating effects. For example, THC and CBD have balancing effects on each other, prolonging and enhancing specific effects that have a beneficial effect on the body. This is why it is recommended to take full-spectrum extracts, to have the optimal benefits from all the active compounds derived from hemp

F

  • Feminization – breeding female cannabis plant seeds, as only the female plants produce cannabinoids
  • Feminized – plants are grown from selectively-bred seeds to grow into female plants. These are important for commercial production, as only female plants produce buds with active ingredients, making cannabis and hemp cultivation easier and more productive
  • Flavonoids – phyto-compounds derived from plants, these protect the plants from UV and other effects, while also being responsible for the smell and color of the plant. The cannabis plants produce many different flavonoids that bring the recognizable smell and flavor of the various strains
  • Flower – the reproductive organ of female plants, these are sticky, hairy, and covered in crystals and are the parts where the active cannabinoids are most present. These are picked and dried for later use. If fertilized with the pollen from male plants, these will produce seeds
  • Flowering time – a part of the natural cycle of the plant when it produces the flower. Depending on the strain, this period begins when the plant enters the flowering phase and needs a 12-hour light and 12-hour dark cycle for the best results.
  • Full-spectrum – this is a cannabis extract that contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other useful ingredients from the cannabis plant. The full-spectrum extract has all the active ingredients, having a significantly wholesome effect on the body

G

  • Genus – a term used to classify living organisms, and is used below family and above species in the biological classification
  • Germination- the beginning of the growth cycle, when the seed produces the seedling

H

  • Hash – or hashish is a concentrated cannabis extract that is obtained by filtrating the trichomes and producing a very potent powder
  • Heirloom – a strain of cannabis that has not been crossbred/mixed, having original genetics
  • Hemp – Cannabis Sativa L. is the name of industrial hemp. This is one of the earliest cultivated plants and is used for the production of fiber, cloth, paper, food, and medicine. It has about 113 cannabinoid compounds and about 700 total active compounds
  • Hemp Seed Oil – the oil obtained by cold-pressing the hemp plant seeds; this oil is rich in essential fatty acids, linoleic and alpha-linolenic acid, all useful ingredients for the health. In its purest form, this oil is greenish and has a grassy to nutty flavor, and it does not contain cannabinoid compounds
  • Homeostasis – the natural state of balance of the body that enables the body to live and the cells/systems to function normally
  • Homeostasis Imbalance – the inability to keep the homeostasis, any imbalance happens when there is a deficiency of any kind in the body, or due to toxins or external stresses. This is considered as the underlying cause of most illnesses
  • Hybrid – this is a strain that is obtained by cross-breeding different strains, this is done to obtain a new strain with preferred/desired traits

I

  • Indica – Cannabis Indica is a species of Cannabis, this is used about marijuana, the species that produce more THC and has relaxing, calming effects
  • Industrial Hemp – the species of Cannabis Sativa L. that is grown commercially for the production of paper, fiber, textile, bio-plastics, food, bio-fuel, and medication. The definition of industrial hemp is any Cannabis Sativa plant that naturally produces less than 0.3% THC
  • Isolate – a pure form of a compound, for example, CBD isolate is obtained by extraction of CBD, purifying and concentrating it to 99%+ purity

J

  • Joint – a marijuana/hemp cigarette or a pre-roll

K

  • Kief – the main ingredient in hash (hashish), kief is very potent and is obtained by purifying and concentrating the trichomes extracted from marijuana
  • Kush – named for the Hindu Kush Mountains in Pakistan/Afghanistan, the Kush plants originate from this area and have indica terpene profile with an earthy aroma and emphasized relaxing effects

M

  • Major Cannabinoids – the two main cannabinoid compounds THC and CBD
  • Marijuana – the female cannabis plant that produces a high concentration of THC, usually used in recreational and medicinal applications
  • Minor Cannabinoids – all the other cannabinoid compounds in the cannabis/hemp plant, except the THC and CBD

N

  • Neurotransmitter – a compound that is carrying the nerve impulse at the end of a nerve cell, transferring the impulse to a cell

O

  • Organic – an organism cultivated without the use of chemical pesticides, fertilizers, herbicides or other artificial ingredients

P

  • Phenol – active compounds in all plants that are responsible for the distinct scent of plants
  • Phenotype – a biological term that describes all the traits of a plant, like smell, flavor, appearance, and efficacy. The phenotype depends on the genetic and growing conditions, so the same strain can have different phenotype characteristics when grown in different ways
  • Phytocannabinoids – the active, medically-important molecules derived from the cannabis plant (marijuana or hemp) that have a similar effect as the naturally-occurring endocannabinoids
  • Pot – another word for marijuana
  • Pre-roll – another word for joint, a marijuana/hemp cigarette

R

  • Receptors – molecules in the cells that bind with a specific chemical group/molecule. The endocannabinoid system has the specific CB1 and CB2 receptors that bind with cannabinoid compounds
  • Recreational Marijuana – cannabis used for recreational purposes, relaxation, euphoria, and improving social life. Many people use marijuana for both medicinal and recreational purposes, eliminating the distinction between these two uses

S

  • Sativa – the scientific name for the Cannabis Sativa species, this is the type of cannabis that produces an uplifting effect, affecting the cerebral functions and stimulating the mood
  • Seed – the part of the plant responsible for reproduction that can develop into a new plant, a seed is produced by the pollinated female plant and carries the genetic information from both parents. The seeds from hemp are rich in oils, and they are mainly used for the production of hemp seed oil, and of course, the propagation of the species
  • Sinsemilla – mature female cannabis plants that produce no seeds
  • Strain – a specific variety of a plant species. The cannabis strains are produced in great variety and have some common and uncommon names. The different strains have a different appearance, smell, flavor and terpene profile

T

  • Terpene – a compound found in most plants, the terpenes from cannabis have an exceptionally important role in the physiological effects of the plant’s extract. It is the terpenes that give the distinct flavors, scents, and properties of the different cannabis strains. The terpenes act on activating the endocannabinoid system, aiding in the promotion of homeostasis
  • THC – Tetrahydrocannabinol – the main psychoactive compound form the marijuana plant, THC is also the most famous one. THC affects the prefrontal cortex of the human brain, affecting mood, attention, decision-making, appetite, perception, and behavior. THC is mostly banned substance in many countries
  • THCA – Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid – the natural, inactive form of THC. THCA needs to be heated in a process known as decarboxylation to convert it into the psychoactive THC
  • THCV – Tetrahydrocannabivarin – a lesser-known psychoactive compound found in marijuana, THCV has been linked to appetite suppression
  • Tincture – a liquid product from the cannabis plant that is a blend between the cannabis extract and a suitable carrier like oil, glycerol, or alcohol. Tinctures made with alcohol and glycerol get absorbed faster, while tinctures made with a carrier oil take longer to be absorbed in the body. The common administering method of a tincture is sublingual, by placing the recommended dose of the tincture under the tongue, keeping in there for about a minute and swallowing
  • Topical – a product intended for topical use, the cannabis extract is usually infused in various skincare topicals. This enables transdermal absorption of the extract, relieving many localized symptoms and supporting the skin’s endocannabinoid receptors
  • Trichome – crystal components found on the buds of the cannabis plants that have the highest amount of cannabinoid compounds

V

  • Vaporizer – a device that allows creating a vapor from dry cannabis flower or oil and enables inhaling the vapors. Vaping cannabis and CBD has become a very popular method of using these, as it allows direct and very quick absorption of the cannabinoids in the blood

W

  • Weed – a colloquial term for marijuana
  • Whole Plant – extract obtained by using the whole cannabis plant. This extract usually contains all the useful cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids from the hemp plant and has the Entourage effect. The whole-plant extracts have an improved effect and can be beneficial for more specific conditions due to the varied composition, whereas the isolate products have only one active ingredient